Defaulted PayDay Loan

QUESTION: Can I be sued in the Texas for a defaulted online payday loan?

I taken out a few payday loans online and pretty much got in over my head paying them back ! Can I be sued in Texas?

ANSWER: Most payday lenders do not sue in Texas. Having said that, they are certainly entitled to sue you if you defaulted on a loan.

I would be curious to know who is threatening the lawsuit and whether they are a “usual suspect” – – the kind of payday lender that actually does file suit in Texas. If they are not customarily in court, then their threat is illegal, and possibly a violation of either the Texas Debt Collection Act and/or the Federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. The collection industry for payday lenders is infamous for being abusive. I would suggest you keep track of all collection phone calls and keep all of the collection letters.

If the threat to sue is in writing, I would suggest you forward a copy to a consumer rights attorney. If the threat to sue is made verbally, you might still want to talk to an experienced consumer rights attorney who can do a bit of research and find out whether this collector is blowing smoke, or not.

Finally, you might want to have a look at your credit bureau reports through (That is where you can get your credit reports for free.)

This information is provided for educational purposes only. There is no attorney-client relationship with Karni Law Firm until a contract is signed by the attorney and the client.


Getting Sued Over A Debt Already Paid

QUESTION: A collection agency says they’re going to sue me over a debt I already paid, I don’t know what to do.

I have a few emails of paid in full, but a couple of the companies didn’t send me anything, and when I tried to call them it says it’s no longer a working number.

ANSWER: First of all, I would suggest that you pull a copy of your credit bureau reports. You may obtain a free copy through www. It is the only website that the Federal Trade Commission has approved of for a free credit report. You might find useful information on that website. Also, do you have old bank statements or cancelled checks to prove you paid?

If a third party debt collector is threatening to sue you on a debt that has been paid (whether you can prove it right now, OR NOT) then it seems your rights have been violated. I would suggest you contact a consumer rights attorney who has experience going after abusive debt collectors. They will probably want to look up this debt collector that is threatening to sue you. Specifically, they will want to see if this debt buyer is a common litigator; and also, they will want to find out if this debt collector has a surety bond on file with the Texas Secretary of State. If they do not, then this whole thing sounds like a scam- an illegal scam.

Keep in mind that the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act allows you to collect a statutory award, other damages, as well as your attorney fees. That is the reason why many consumer rights attorneys do not charge clients up front for their time. They can get paid for by the defendants. I strongly suggest you get your payment history together and call a consumer rights attorney licensed in Texas.

This information is provided for educational purposes only. There is no attorney-client relationship with Karni Law Firm until a contract is signed by the attorney and the client.


Collection Case Dismissed For Lack Of Prosecution

QUESTION: I had a debit collection case that was dismissed for Lack of Prosecution.

The case was dismissed for Lack of Prosecution. I had filed a motion to reinstate the case and the judge said he wasn’t going to reinstate. so the  debt was sold to another collection agency. This was the 4 or 5 law firm that has come after me. What can I do to get this off my credit report? The debit type is a private student loan and this loan is NOT a FFELP.

ANSWER: There are two different issues here: the matter of the lawsuit seems to have been resolved if the case was dismissed. I understand that you have concerns that another debt buyer will sue you for it again. That is possible, although unlikely.

On the credit reporting side, you are encouraged to send off a written dispute letter to the credit bureaus and to everyone who ever tried to collect this debt. You should list all of the reasons why you dispute the negative information on your credit report. The fact that you were sued (and that the lawsuit was dismissed for lack of prosecution) does not qualify as a good reason to remove the debt from your credit reports.

If you dispute the debt with the present collector (and every collector beforehand) then they are prohibited by federal law from communicating information about the debt to yet another 3rd party. All of your disputes should be handled in writing, sent by certified mail, return receipt requested.

This information is provided for educational purposes only. There is no attorney-client relationship with Karni Law Firm until a contract is signed by the attorney and the client.


Mail Theft & Fraud

QUESTION: Mail theft and possibly fraud. Ex girlfriend stole. Illegal?

I found out that my ex had both stolen my keys, in addition to a few packages out of mailbox. Not on lease, not married.

ANSWER: Yes, this sounds illegal. If you have concerns that she is also stealing your credit, I would suggest you request a fraud alert with the credit bureaus. I would also suggest that you monitor your credit reports on a regular basis going forward. You may obtain a free copy of your credit reports once every year from each of the three credit bureaus at If you discover that accounts were taken out in your name, you will want to file a police report. Send that police report to the original creditors and the credit bureaus in order to clear your name. If the accounts are not removed from your name, you would have grounds to sue under the Fair Credit Reporting Act.

This information is provided for educational purposes only. There is no attorney-client relationship with Karni Law Firm until a contract is signed by the attorney and the client.

Debt Collection Tactics

Debt collectors are notorious for engaging in what can often be described as abusive and harassing tactics in order to collect a debt. Some debt collectors will even go as far as threatening to come to your home or place of employment to serve you with lawsuit papers. In my experience, these particular debt collectors are the worst of the worst, and most often they usually are not even licensed to collect debt in Texas.

If, however, the party that was calling happens to be a legitimate debt collection agency, then one would probably be within their rights to sue them for violations of the federal and Texas debt collection laws. My office has handled many suits against abusive debt collectors. The laws allow the consumer to recover damages, in addition to all of the attorney fees and costs incurred while suing the debt collector. Many consumer rights lawyers will handle debt collection abuse cases on a contingency basis.

Before proceeding with a lawsuit, it is advisable pull your credit report to determine if the particular collection agency in question is listed. Depending on when the account in question went into default, it may or may not appear as a negative comment on your credit report. A free copy of your credit report can be downloaded once every year from Any suspicious lines listed on your credit reports should also be taken up with a consumer rights attorney.

Finally, if you have the name and/or phone number of the collection agency, and especially if you have any recordings, feel free to send that information along. My office will gladly do some research to determine if the collection agency is legitimate.

This information is provided for educational purposes only. There is no attorney-client relationship with Karni Law Firm until a contract is signed by the attorney and the client.

If I change my SSN what happens to my debt?

QUESTION: If I change my SSN what happens to my debt? I received a letter in the mail today about an inquiry for credit that I never requested. I don’t know if someone else has my information and/or what damage may have been done that I haven’t noticed. I know I have some debt of my own, but would changing my social security number be like a poor man’s bankruptcy or would it still follow me over to the new number?

ANSWER: The Social Security Administration does not allow anyone, even victims of identity theft, to switch out their old social security number for a new one very easily. While it may be possible to get a new SSN, it is extremely difficult and rare.

I would suggest you pull a free copy of your credit reports through That website was designed to follow Federal Trade Commission regulation to allow every consumer one free credit report from each of the three major credit bureaus every 12 months. It will link you directly to TransUnion, Equifax and Experian.

In reviewing your credit reports, you will want to see whether there are any new accounts that you do not recognize. You can also have a look at the back of the credit report to see whether there are inquiries made by companies that you did not authorize. Hard inquiries are usually made before a lender extends new credit. There are also soft inquiries that are usually made by your existing lenders just to check up on you.

You can request a short-term or long-term fraud alert be linked to your social security number. You should also call the company that mailed you the letter and ask what it’s all about. If you are going to let that bank, or anyone else know that your identity has been stolen, you should send certified mail with a return receipt so that you have a paper trail. You may also want to file a police report that you can attach to your letter to lenders and the major consumer reporting agencies.

Finally, you may want to consult with an attorney. Most attorneys who handle consumer credit and debt collection abuse cases do not charge their clients an up front fee. The reason for this is because the Fair Credit Reporting Act (as well as the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act) allow consumers to collect damages as well as their attorney fees and court costs.

I wish you luck.

These materials have been prepared by Karni Law Firm, P.C. for educational and informational purposes only and are not intended to be legal advice. This communication does not necessarily reflect the opinions of Dana Karni or of Karni Law Firm, P.C. or any of its attorneys, employees, or clients, and are not guaranteed to be correct, complete, or up-to-date. This site is not intended to create, and access to or receipt of information included in this site does not constitute, a lawyer-client relationship. No one should act upon this information without seeking professional counsel. Although we would be pleased to communicate with you by e-mail or otherwise, do not send us information until you speak with one of our lawyers and get authorization to send that information to us. Please be aware that if you communicate with us by e-mail or otherwise in connection with a matter for which we do not already represent you, your communication may not be treated as privileged or confidential. If you communicate with us by e-mail in connection with a matter for which we already represent you, please remember that Internet e-mail is not secure and you may wish to take steps to encrypt sensitive or confidential materials before sending them on the Internet.

Do I need a debt attorney?

QUESTION: Do I need a debt attorney? Is there a limitation to before a medical bill is to old to collect? Does that include if the hospital has sold off my sons bills to a collection agency? He had a seizure in the water, was care flighted to the hospital and was there a few days. We didn’t have insurance, so we have the bills. The hospital didn’t received copies of the bills even after we requested them. That was 5/3/2011. Now we have a “Shafritz and Assoc, PA” calling us to settle pretty much in full. Does the time frame still hold true?

RESPONSE:The statute of limitations is 4 years. The concern that I have for you relates to the collection agency. It is not listed with the Texas Secretary of State as a licensed debt collector. If you pay them anything, you are risking that you are wasting your money, and that the statute of limitations will start all over again for a new 4 year period.

Under federal debt collection laws, a third party debt collector must send you something in writing within 5 days of the first phone call. If they have not already sent you something, then ask for a letter with an explanation of the debt. If they have sent you something in writing, you may want to share that letter with a consumer rights attorney to determine if your rights have been violated. Federal debt collection laws allow you to collect an award of up to $1,000.00, as well as other damages and your attorney fees. (That’s the reason many consumer rights attorneys can handle debt collection abuse cases on a contingency.)

Also, I would suggest that you check your credit bureau reports to see whether they are illegally reporting this debt to the three main credit bureaus. You can pull your credit reports for free through That is the only website that has the stamp of approval of the federal trade commission.